2020 WAEC Civic Education Theory  (a) Define constitution. (b) Identify six factors that are taken into consideration when drafting the...

WAEC 2020

 (a) Define constitution. (b) Identify six factors that are taken into consideration when drafting the Nigerian constitution.

Explanation

(a) Constitution can be defined as the fundamental laws, rules, regulations, and other related elements according to which democratic states are expected to be governed. Or Constitution can be defined as a body of agreed rules and principles stating how the powers of governing a country are given and how these powers are to be shared. Or Constitution can be defined as a body of rules, laws, and regulations that states the rights, duties, and obligations of the citizens

(b) (i) Acts of parliament: The laws or enactments made by the Nigerian parliament are considered when drafting the Nigerian constitution.

(ii) Judicial precedents: The past judgments are at law courts are considered when drafting the Nigerian constitution.

(iii) Conventions: These are accepted political precepts and practices which often form a part of a country's constitution. They are considered when drafting the Nigerian constitution.

(iv) Constitutional conferences: These are meetings at which difficult constitutional issues are discussed and resolved in preparation for a new constitution. Decisions reached at such conferences are considered when drafting the constitution.

(v) History of the people: The history of people constituting a country is usually considered when drafting the constitution. Past political developments in the history of the people are a vital part of constitutional drafting.

(vi) Customs and traditions: Customs and traditions of people are considered when drafting the Nigerian constitution. These include beliefs, institutions, norms, and values of the people.

(vii) Past constitutions: Past constitutions and constitutions of other countries are considered when drafting the constitution.


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