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1988 WAEC Agricultural Science Practical Study the farm tools illustrated by diagrams I -VI below and use them to answer...

Agricultural Science
WAEC 1988

Study the farm tools illustrated by diagrams I -VI below and use them to answer Questions 1(a) - (c).

(a) Name the tools illustrated by diagram I -VI

(b) State one use of each of the tools illustrated by diagrams I -VI.

(c) State one method of maintenance for each of the tools illustrated by diagrams I -VI.

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Explanation

(a) Farm tools;

  • I = Knapsacks sprayer
  • Il = Watering can
  • Ill = Sieve
  • IV = Sickle (short handle)
  • V = Spanner
  • VI = Feeder/ Waterer

(b) Uses;

  • I - Spraying chemicals such as pesticides, insecticides, herbicides and liquid fertilizers.
  • Il - application of water to crops (during the season), application of liquid fertilizers.
  • IlI - used for separation of soil particles., to sieve compost of F.Y.M. to make nursery soil., to analyse the texture of the soil., for seed separation in seed processing
  • IV - used for harvesting fruits/cereal crops., used for cutting grass pasture for animals
  • V -used for loosening and tightening of nuts on farm machinery.
  • VI - used for feeding chicks/fowls in poultry farm., used also as drinker to provide water for chicks/fowls.

(c) Methods of maintenance;

  • I -should be properly rinsed with water after use to get rid of left-over chemicals. Open up clogged nozzle or clean the nozzle and keep it in a cool, dry place.
  • Il - should be drained after use, stored upside down; rinse /wash with water if used for liquid fertilizers; keep in a cool dry place.
  • Ill - store in a cool, dry place and clean after use
  • IV -sharpen regularly the blunt edges; apply grease to avoid rusting and clean after use and store in an area free regularly. from rain and termites. 
  • V - store in a cool dry place and clean after use.
  • VI - store in a cool, dry place and clean

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