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Spatial Preference of Urban Residential Location in Osogbo, Osun State

Type Project Topics (docx)
Faculty Engineering, Environment & Technology
Course Geography
Price ₦4,000
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Key Features:
No. of pages: 93
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Abstract:
This study examined the spatial preference of urban residential locations in Osogbo. It identified the types and qualities of residential housing units in Osogbo; described the spatial pattern of residential neighbourhood in Osogbo; and examined the factors influencing the choice of residential location in Osogbo.

The data obtained for this work were derived from primary and secondary sources. Primary data were obtained through field observation and with the use of well-structured questionnaires in the study area, 412 questionnaires were administered to cut across three blocks (strata) tagged A, B, and C. While Block ‘A’ represents the old core of the settlements where the oldest buildings are found, Blocks ‘B’ and ‘C’ are the latter developed parts and the outskirts, respectively. In view of the observed inequalities in the number and density of buildings in the study area and for easy identification of sample points, each of the blocks was further divided into ten quadrants of equal sizes based on the current Township maps prepared by Planning Division of Osogbo or, and, Olorunda Local Government Areas. The secondary data includes maps and other relevant journals. Lastly, the different models of urban land use were used to explain the pattern and growth in the study area. The data generated were analysed using statistical packages for social sciences, charts and tables.

Results showed that the study area was characterised by bungalow (38.5%), storey buildings (29.8%), multi-flat (18.8%), traditional compound (8.0%) and Duplex (4.9%). In addition, the results indicated that most of the residential buildings in the study area were built of high quality and modern materials as 73.5% of the houses were constructed with cement blocks; 52.8% used tiles, marble or terrazzo as flooring materials; 73.6% used asbestos for ceiling; and 63.9% used iron sheets for roofing. Moreover, the study found that house ownership (t-values = 8.106), cost of land (t-values = 6.525) and nearness to service centres (t-values = 6.382) were the most important factors influencing choice of residential location in Osogbo. Average income of the respondents, house type and level of education were found to be less significant among the thirteen variables considered. Principal Component Analysis confirmed further that all the thirteen factors were important residential location variables in Osogbo but house ownership (eigenvalue = 11.55) and nearness to place of work (eigenvalue = 1.45) are the first two principal components.

The study concluded that the concentric zone model as identified by Burgess in 1925 exist in Osogbo and this account for the variation in the choice of residential location in the city
Table of Content:
Title Page i

Certification ii

Dedication iii

Acknowledgement iv

Table of Contents v

List of Tables viii

List of Figures ix

List of Appendices x

Abstract xi




Chapter One: Introduction


1.1 Background to the Study 1

1.2 Statement of Research Problem 3

1.3 Aim and Objectives of the Study 4

1.4 Justification of the study 5

1.5 The Study Area 6

1.5.1 The People and Population Characteristics 8

1.5.2 Historical Background of Osogbo 9

1.5.3 Climate, Vegetation and Soil 10

1.5.4 Socio-Economic Activities in Osogbo 10




Chapter Two: Theoretical Framework and Literature Review


2.1 Theoretical framework 13

2.1.1 The Nature of Housing Output 13

2.1.2 The Concept of Social Distance 14

2.1.3 Urban Ecological Models 16



2.1.3.1 Concentric Zone Theory 16

2.1.3.2 Sector Theory 18

2.1.3.3 Multi Nuclei Theory 20

2.1.3.4 Residential Location Theory 22




2.2 Literature Review 26 2.2.1 The Urban Area 26

2.2.2 Residential Housing 28

2.2.3 Factors Influencing Residential Housing Location Decision 30

2.2.4 Patterns of Residential Neighbourhood 35




Chapter Three: Research Methodology


3.1 Sources and Collection of Data 38

3.1.1 Primary Data 38

3.1.1.1 Sample Frame 39

3.1.1.2 Sample Size 39

3.1.1.3 Sampling Procedure 39

3.1.2 Secondary Data 40

3.2. Data Analysis 41

3.2.1 Land Cover Classification Scheme 41




Chapter Four: Results and Discussion


4.1 Socio-Economic Characteristics of Respondents 43

4.2 Residential Housing Units in Osogbo 47

4.2.1 Types of Residential Housing in Osogbo 47

4.2.2 Qualities and Characteristics of Residential Housing in Osogbo 48

4.2.2.1 Qualities of Residential Housing in Osogbo 48

4.2.2.2 Characteristics of Residential Housing in Osogbo 51

4.2.3 Occupancy Nature of Residential Housing in Osogbo 54

4.3 Factors Influencing the Choice of Residential Housing Units in Osogbo 58

4.4 Spatial Pattern of Residential Houses in Osogbo 65




Chapter Five: Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation


5.1 Summary 69

5.2 Conclusion 71

5.3 Recommendation 72




References 73




Appendix 79.
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