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Problems and Prospects of Rural Housing Development in Nigeria

Type Project Topics
Faculty Engineering, Environment & Technology
Course Estate Management
Price ₦3,500
Key Features:
- No of Pages: 65
- No of Chapters: 5
- Figures
- Questionnaire
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Abstract:
Housing is one of the basic needs of any society. It is a component of men’s environmental interactions which is expected to serve important functions, like biological, Psychological, socio-cultural and economic needs of individual facilities and/or communities. Biological, man needs an environment within which he can take shelter and protection against external forces. Psychologically man needs housing so as to satisfy his personal needs such as privacy and self-fulfillment. Socio-culturally, housing is a symbol that reflects the status of an individual family or community. It also reflects the economic value of a society. Therefore, there is a need for a study of rural housing problems which are deemed enormous and complex, so as to find solutions on how to improve the rural housing and also the living condition of rural dwellers. The study centered on issues related to the development of rural housing in the study area. Data analyzed from questionnaires distributed shows that housing in the study area is basically local. Also, residents opined that development of agriculture would automatically lead to development of housing in the area.
Table of Content:
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page…………………………………………………………………………….i
Certification……………………………………………………………………….....ii
Dedication …………………………………………………….…………………….iii
Acknowledgement…………………………………………...………..………..........iv
Abstract………………………….……………………………………….….....….. vi
Table of Contents……………...……………………………………………………..vii
List of Tables…………………..……………………………………………….........xi
List of Figures……………………………………………………………………..…xii
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background to the Study .......................................................................................... 1
1.2 Statement of the Problem ..........................................................................................5
1.3 Research Questions ...................................................................................................6
1.4 Aims and Objective……..………………………………………………………….7
1.5 Scope of the Study....................................................................................................7
1.6 Significance of the study ……………………………………………………..…....7
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Concept of Rural Housing…………….. ....................................................................8
2.2 Types of Rural Housing………….............................................................................10
2.3 Rural Housing Facilities……...…………….............................................................12
2.4 Concept of Rural Housing Development……..........................................................13
2.5 Rural Housing olicies and programmes in Nigeria….............................………….16
2.6 Factors affecting Rural Housing Quality.............................……..………………..20
2.7 Problems affecting Rural Housing Development in Nigeria...................................24
2.8 Rural Housing and Social Development…………….............................................27
2.9 Impact of Rural Housing policy on Social Development…….……………..…..28
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.0 Introduction ..............................................................................................................29
3.1 Sources of Data Collection……….........................................................…………..29
3.2 Target Population….................................................................................................30
3.3 Sample Frame……….. ...........................................................................................30
3.4 Sampling Size………… …….................................................................................30
3.5 Sampling Procedure…………….............................................................................30
3.6 Method of Data Analysis……….. ..........................................................................31
3.7 The Study Area………...…….................................................................................3
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
CHAPTER FIVE: FINDINGS,C ONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
Introduction:
Housing as unit of environment has a profound influence on man’s health, education, social behaviour, and employment, and productivity, awareness on development opportunities, safety, crime and general well being (Onibokun, 1985). Housing nowadays is not considered merely as an exercise in brick and mortar or providing roof over ones head (dwelling unit), rather, as it connotes a symbol of relationship between man and his environment. A shelter should have some basic infrastructural facilities such as clean water, drainage and sanitary facilities, electricity, access road and basic service, besides dwelling unit (Chike-OBI, 2013 and Sekar, 1991).
Therefore, the importance of providing shelter with basic utilities and services in any society cannot be over emphasized. As a matter of fact, housing reflects the level of economic development of a society (Onibokun, 1985 and Abd Aziz et al, (2011). In general, it provides the physical framework and the environment in which the economic, social and cultural values of a society are reflected.
In addition to these housing importance, Gyuse (2009) stated that rural housing serves as an abode or place of habitation as it accommodates most rural small-scale industries like pottery, dyeing, among others. It stimulates employment in the rural areas (Popoola, 1988). It also serves as a place for storage, keeping domesticated animals and foster cohesion sense of belonging among rural dwellers.
Rural housing is more complex than urban housing as it usually has to cope not only with human being but with livestock as well. Usually, there are also need for covered space for all sorts of occupation, weaving, basket making, rope making, nets and fishing, food drying and processing etc. The open space surrounding the house is as important as the house itself and very much used for cooking, storing, animals, poultry etc. Present conditions are not happy for proving all this needs and thus affect the rural housing condition.
Rural housing has been marginalized both in wider policy discussions as well as within the debate on rural issues because rural housing needs are generally subordinated to urban housing needs in policy priority. Yet, housing is essential for the wellbeing and social security of rural household. Compared to urban areas, rural areas differs more from the concentration of deprivation. With income generally lower than the urban areas and seasonal unemployment rampant, many households find it difficult to gain ownership of homes. This has implications for social sustainability of rural communities and is causing increased polarization, as younger ones migrate to the urban areas in search of jobs leaving behind their old folks and children resulting negative impact on rural enterprise and economic viability.
Housing represents a critical component in the social and economic structures and constitutes one of the basic human needs of all nations (Kabir and Bustani, 2008). Akinluyi et. al (2013) stated that, housing in all ramifications is of more important than mere shelter since it embraces all the social services and utilities that go to make a community livable environment. All governments in Nigeria since independence highlighted housing as a major priority. (Akinluyi & Adeleye, 2013).The problem of affordable housing has been recognized as ‘infrastructure needs’. These needs have been elaborated in the following way: ‘The changing face of population has immediate implications for every aspect of education, transport and infrastructure. (Housing Essay, 2003; London housing Authority, 2006: Akinluyi and Adeleye, 2013). These facts call for this kind of study.
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