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Generation of Electricity Using a Double Chamber Microbial Fuel Cell

Type Project Topics
Faculty Engineering, Environment & Technology
Course Civil Engineering Technology
Price ₦3,000
Key Features:
No of Pages: 39
Abstract:
The microbial fuel cells (MFCs) was used to generate electricity from waste water and fresh water, Design MFCs using different types of materials for the electrodes on the generation of electrical power from two MFCs, operated identically with a waste activated sludge feed and understand how bacteria and other living organisms can be used to produce energy. For this set of tests, using a fresh set of substrate and distilled water without the addition of either glucose or salt, it was observed with Copper (Cu) acting as the electrode for both anode and cathode, a voltage of 0.073V was generated.

Alternating the electrode in the same samples, using Copper (Cu) for the anode chamber and Aluminium (Al) for the cathode chamber, a voltage of 0.420V was generated. The BOD readings measured before and after treatment were 22ˑ32mg̸ L and 19ˑ86mg̸ L respectively, this shows that as electricity is being harnessed the wastewater is being treated simultaneously, making the MFC setup highly economically advantageous in solving the wastewater disposal problem of the environment as well as that of power (electricity). Also the conductivity of the wastewater sample was measured to be 2790μscm.For the efficiency of MFC we compare different types of electrodes and anodes to obtain different power output.
Table of Content:
ABSTRACT

TABLE OF CONTENTS

LIST OF TABLES

LIST OF FIGURES

LIST OF PLATES



CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 General Overview

1.2 Aim and Objectives of Study

1.3 Justification of the Study

1.4 Scope of Study



CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 Review of Previous Study

2.2 MFC Configuration

2.2.1 Single Chamber Microbial Fuel Cell

2.2.2 Dual Chamber Microbial Fuel Cell

2.4 Difference between the Single and Double Chamber MFC

2.5 Microorganisms and Microbial Fuel Cell

2.6 MFC Classification

2.7 Effects of Operating Conditions in MFC

2.7.1 Effect of Electrode Materials

2.7.2 PH Buffer and Electrolyte

2.7.3 Proton Exchange System

2.7.4 Operating Conditions in the Anodic Chamber

2.7.5 Operating Conditions in the Cathodic Chamber

2.8 Applications of MFC

2.8.1 Electricity Generation

2.8.2 Bio Hydrogen Generation

2.8.3 Wastewater Treatment

2.8.4 Biosensor



CHAPTER THREE

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1 Materials

3.1.1 Electrodes for both anode and cathode

3.1.2 Proton Exchange Membrane or Salt Bridge

3.1.3 Plastic Containers for the Aerobic and Anaerobic Chamber

3.1.4 Substrate

3.1.5 Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Pipes

3.1.6 Digital Multi-Meter

3.1.7 Adhesive Glue

3.1.8 Masking Tape

3.1.9 Other Materials

3.1.10 Salt

3.2 Components for Microbial Fuel Cell Construction

3.2.1 Anode

3.2.2 Cathode

3.2.3 Membrane

3.2 Experimental Setup

3.3 Sample Collection

3.4 Methods



CHAPTER FOUR

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

4.1 Dual Chamber MFC Setup



CHAPTER FIVE

CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

5.1 Conclusion

5.2 Recommendation

REFERENCES
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