- No of Page: 72
- No of Chapter: 5
This project is based on the Economics Analysis of the Impact of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) programme on Healthcare in Nigeria. Chapter one gives an introduction to the topic while chapter two gives an insight to literature review on the topic. The research methodologies adopted which is the goodness of fit test, time series analysis and autocorrelation is presented. Chapter three tells about the population of the study which is Nigeria and also sources and method of data collection. Data collected were carefully analyzed and evaluated in chapter four using the methodology earlier presented in chapter three. From the analysis in chapter four, summary of findings, conclusion and recommendation are presented in chapter five were it was concluded that the MDGs programme has a great impact on healthcare in Nigeria and that the programme’s target on healthcare was met in 2015 and even above as shown by the forecast values using the current trend.
Table of Content:
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page i
Table of content vii
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 Background to the study 1
1.2 Statement of the problem 5
1.3 Research Objectives 8
1.4 Research Question 8
1.5 Research Hypothesis 9
1.6 Significance of the study 9
1.7 Scope and Limitation of the Study 10
1.8 Organization of the Study 11
2.1 Conceptual Framework 12
2.2 Theoretical Framework 26
2.3 Empirical Literature 28
2.4 Summary of Related Literature Reviewed 28
3.0 Introduction 31
3.1 Theoretical and Analytical Framework 31
3.2 Research Design 32
3.3 Model Specification 32
3.4 Estimation Procedure 33
3.5 Method of Evaluation 33
3.6 Sources of Data collection 37
4.0 Introduction 38
4.1 Data analysis 38
4.2 Interpretation 42
4.3 Discussion 45
4.4 Policy Implication on Result 45
5.1 Summary of finding 47
5.2 Conclusion 49
5.3 Recommendation 49
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are the world biggest promises to mankind. It is a bundle of development Goals and targets committing about 189 independent states and virtually all of the world's main multilateral organization to an unprecedented effort to reduce multi-dimensional poverty through global partnership MDGs emerged as a result of series of outcome of meeting and conferences held at various international forum. The MDGs have specifically eight goals which are; Eradicate poverty and hunger; achieve universal primary education; promote gender equality and woman empowerment; reduce child mortality; improve maternal health; combat HIV/AIDS, material and their diseases; unsure environmental sustainability; and develop a global partnership for development. In order to achieve these objectives, MDGs goals are sub-divided into eighteen (18) clear cut targets and forty-eight (48) indicators believed to be necessary as acid-test facilitator for the achievement of these laudable goals. Achieving these goals could be task and require a degree of commitment both the national and international levels. The essence of this paper or research is to examine the extent to which MDGs are achieved in Nigeria, to identify the bottleneck in the achievement of these goals and profound possible solution with good policy recommendation.
Healthcare which is a goal indicator of government's achievement in any country or nation has been a problem threatening the success of governments in Nigeria and sub-Saharan African states compared to the rest of the world. This is a result of high infant mortality rates, high maternal mortality rates and prevalence of diseases such as polio, malaria, HIV/AIDS e.t.c.
The reason for this is not farfetched from the problem of basic infrastructure (good hospitable and pipe borne water e.t.c.) lack of good health policies, inadequate health personnel (doctors, nurses and health officials) effect of poverty (malnutrition, inability to access good medical services). In attempts to find a lasting solution to this menace before now, some measurable level of success has been achieved in some areas, yet a lot has to be done.
A recent programme which the international community has comes up with is the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) which was adopted in September 2000. This and other motives has ignited my passion for the choice of research topic as it is my belief that this research work will help both government and public at large to ascertain the level of impact on the MDGs programme on the Nigeria healthcare.
Generally all over the world, issues relating to eradication of absolute poverty and hunger, reduction of infant and maternal mortality rates, achievement of universal primary education, promotion of gender equality and girl child education, combating of Human Immuno Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS), malaria and other related diseases, enthronement of human rights and social justice, among others, have occupied a central position and the differences in approach among nations is a function of the varying socio-political and economic environments prevalent in those societies. These issues, when properly resolved and appropriate strategies adopted to make them feasible can bring about human development. Human development in this situation becomes much more than the rise or fall of the national income, rather, it is all about creating an environment in which people can develop their full potentials and bring about a productive and creative lives in accordance with their needs and aspirations for the future (Barry, 2008). The above assertions imply that human development involves a process by which an individual or a society interacts with its environments (both physical and biological environments). This interaction results in the transformation of both the individual and his environment, producing a socially desirable enhancement, which benefits the entire society (Ozoemenam, 2003:367). Thus, it aims at an unending improvement in the capacity of the individual and society to control the forces of nature as well as of humanity at large (Ofuebe, 1998). World leaders committed themselves to respecting “all internationally recognized human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the right to development”. Part was devoted to economic, social and cultural rights, the rights of women, migrants and minorities, and the need to ensure genuine participation (UN, 2008).
However, considering the tenets of human development and its implications to National Development, we can arguably state that Africa and other third world regions of the world, have between the periods of colonialism to post-colonial periods, and between the periods of the 1970’s up to the 1990s been very far from attaining a greater level of sustainable human and environmental development (UNDP, 1996).