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An Investigation On The Effects Of Parental Care On The Academic Performance Of Priamry School Pupils: A Case Study Of Some Selected Primary Schools In Zaria Local Government Area Of Kaduna State

Type Project Topics (docx)
Faculty Arts & Humanities
Course Counseling and Psychology
Price ₦3,000
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Key Features:
- No of Pages: 61
- No of Chapters: 5
- Tables
NECO June/July 2024 - Get offline past questions & answers - Download objective & theory, all in one app 48789
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Abstract:
The research is an investigation into the effects of parental care on the academic performance of primary school pupils: a case study of some selected schools in Zaria Local Government Area o Kaduna State. Review of relevant literatures was done and the theoretical framework used for this research is that developed by Epstein (2005), which says that there are six factors with regards to parental involvement in a child’s learning, viz: parenting, communicating, volunteering, learning at home, decision-making and collaborating with the community. A descriptive research design was adopted for this research work and a total of two hundred (200) respondents participated, who were drawn using a random sampling technique across the various schools. A five-point likert-scale questionnaire was used for data collection. Frequency distribution table and simple percentage were used to analyze and interpret the data. The result from the study reveals that good parental care help to reduce pressure on pupils from their academic environemt and that academic performance of pupils improves with the care received from the parents. Recommendations such as parents should always encourage their children by caring and giving attention to them and making them believe in the importance of education.
Table of Content:
Title Page i
Declaration ii
Approval iii
Dedication iv
Acknowledgment v
Abstract vi
Table of Contents vii
CHAPTER ONE
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 Background of the study 1
1.2 Statement of the Problem 3
1.3 Objectives of the Study 3
1.4 Research Questions 4
1.5 Significance of the Study 4
1.6 Scope of the Study 4
1.7 Limitation of the Study 5
1.8 Definition of Terms 5
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.0 Introduction 7
2.1 Conceptual Framework 7
2.1.1 Concept of Parental care 7
2.2 Family Structure 17
2.2.1 The Roles of Father and Mother in a Family 18
2.2.2 The Impact of Family Structure and Parental on Children’s Academic Performance 20
2.3 Parental Practices and School Achievements 23
2.4 Consequences of Changes in Family Structure 25
2.5 Effects of Family Size on Educational Attainment of Children 26
2.6 Theoretical Review 27
2.7 Empirical Review 29
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
3.0 Introduction 32
3.1 Research Design 32
3.2 Population of the Study 32
3.3 Sample and Sampling Technique 33
3.4 Instrument for Data Collection 33
3.5 Reliability and Validation of Research Instrument 34
3.6 Procedure for Data Collection 34
3.7 Procedure for Data Analysis 34
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION
4.0 Introduction 35
4.1 Data Presentation and Analysis 35
4.2 Discussion of Findings 46
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1 Summary 48
5.2 Conclusion 48
5.3 Recommendations 49
5.4 Suggestions for Further Studies 49
References
Appendix
Introduction:
The role of a parent to a child at any given time cannot be over emphasized. The home is very germane and crucial to a child’s well being and development in later life. Family is the primary cell of society where the child's upbringing must begin since his birth, still in cradle. According to V. Hugo, the person's principles established since childhood are like letters engraved in the bark of a young tree, which grow, enlarge with it making its integral part.
Millions of children around the world are growing up without one or both of their parents. Many more are at risk of separation, due to the impact of poverty, disability and such crises as natural disaster and armed conflict. Children without parental care find themselves at a higher risk of discrimination, inadequate care, abuse and exploitation, and their well-being is often insufficiently monitored. Inadequate care environments can impair children’s emotional and social development and leave them vulnerable to exploitation, sexual abuse and physical violence (Gadsden, 2003).
The effect of parent care on a child at any given time cannot be over emphasized. The home is very relevant and crucial to a child’s well being and development in later life. Family is the primary cell of society where the child's upbringing must begin since his birth, still in cradle. According to V. Hugo (2008), the person's principles established since childhood are like letters engraved in the bark of a young tree, which grow, enlarge with it making its integral part. Therefore, right beginning makes the most important part of upbringing/education. Nobody ever said that children were easy to raise. They don't come with guidelines or instructions, and they certainly don't come with a pause button. What they do come with is a crucial set of physical and emotional needs that must be met. Failure of the parents to meet these specific needs can have wide-ranging and long-lasting negative effects especially on academic performance. Epistein, (2001). This is because parent in the home are children first teacher. As a child move from infant to toddler and then to a preschooler, he learns how to speak, listen, write and read which latter develop the child to achieve academically. The influence of parents on children school achievement is well documented in numerous studies. Gadsden (2003) says greater parental involvement at early stage in children’s learning, positively affects the child’s school performance including higher academic performance.
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