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An Investigation Into The Causes And Effects Of Sexual Harassment In Nigerian Institution Of Learning: (A Case Study Of Federal College Of Education, Zaria) Implication For Counselling

Type Project Topics (docx)
Faculty Arts & Humanities
Course Counseling and Psychology
Price ₦3,000
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Key Features:
- No of Pages: 76
- No of Chapters: 5
- Statistical Tables
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Abstract:
The research is an investigation into the causes and effects of sexual harassment in Nigerian Institution of Learning: a case study of Federal College of Education, Zaria and its implication for counseling. A review of relevant literatures was done and the feminist perspective and social construction theory served as the theoretical frameworks and empirical review was done. A survey research design was adopted for this research work and a total of one hundred and twenty (120) respondents participated, who were drawn using a random sampling technique across the various schools and administrative section of the college. A five-point likert-scale questionnaire based on the biographic data of the respondents, causes, effects and solutions of sexual harassment was used for data collection. Frequency distribution table and simple percentage were used to analyze and interpret the data. The result from the study reveals that sexual harassment is prevalent in our institutions of learning and that the female counterparts are more of the victims of such act and it is as a result of wanting to pass and have high grades, poverty, provocative dressing, exploitation of the students by the lectures among others. The counseling implications of sexual harassment was enumerated and some of the recommendations put forward on how to curb this act is that there should be a guidance counselor in all the institutions of learning to provide professional help and advice.
Table of Content:
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page i
Declaration ii
Approval iii
Dedication iv
Acknowledgment v
Abstract vii
Table of Contents viii
CHAPTER ONE
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 Background of the study 1
1.2 Statement of the Problem 2
1.3 Objectives of the Study 4
1.4 Research Questions 4
1.5 Significance of the Study 5
1.6 Scope of the Study 5
1.7 Definition of Terms 5
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.0 Introduction 7
2.1 Conceptual Framework 7
2.1.1 Concept and Meaning of Sexual harassment 7
2.2 Origins of Sexual Harassment 10
2.3 Types of Sexual Harassment on Campuses 11
2.4 Causes of Sexual Harassment in Nigerian Campuses 18
2.5 Effects/Traumas of Sexual Harassment 22
2.6 Sexual Harassment Prohibition Bill in Tertiary Institutions 29
2.6.1 Sexual Harassment according to the Bill 29
2.6.2 Who can run Afoul of the Law? 30
2.6.3 When will the Offence of Sexual Harassment Arise? 30
2.6.4 Criminal Penalty for the Offence 31
2.7 Reactions of Lecturers, Parents and Students on the Bill 32
2.8 Theoretical Framework 33
2.9 Empirical Review 36
2.10 Proposed Steps to Follow in case of Sexual Offences or
Harassment on Campuses 38
2.11 Summary of the Chapter 41
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
3.0 Introduction 42
3.1 Research Design 42
3.2 Population of the Study 42
3.3 Sample and Sampling Technique 43
3.4 Reliability and Validity of the Instrument 43
3.5 Procedure for Data Collection 43
3.6 Procedure for Data Analysis 44
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION
4.0 Introduction 45
4.1 Data Presentation 45
4.2 Data Analysis 45
4.3 Summary of Findings 46
4.4 Discussion of Findings 56
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1 Summary 58
5.2 Conclusion 58
5.3 Recommendations 59
5.4 Implication for Counselling 60
5.5 Suggestions for Further Studies 62
References
Appendix
Introduction:
Sexual harassment in educational setting and workplaces (formal and informal) in Nigeria and other parts of Africa, has in the last two decades received local and international attention and condemnation but it remains the least understood, documented and focused on. All forms of violence, policies and legislation against it are yet to be put in place. Sexual harassment includes jokes directed at women and girls, catcalls to embarrass them in the public places and sexual assaults and violation in place of training or work. This violence against women by men is widespread and may take physical, verbal, psychological, economic and other forms that women and girls are subjected to in varying situations.
An identified barrier to understanding and confronting sexual harassment in educational setting in Nigeria is the absence of reliable information and inadequate documentation of the nature and extent of the problem. It has sucked deep into what remains of the Nigerian fluid. Indeed, the very endemic nature of this scourge threatens to wipe off any vestige of our moral fiber as Nigerians.
Sexual harassment is extremely widespread it touches the lives of 40 to 60% of students in colleges and universities. Sexual harassment can be devastating. Studies indicate that most harassment has nothing to do with "flirtation" or sincere sexual or social interest, rather its offences are often frightening and insulting to women. Sexual harassment does not occur because women dress provocatively or initiate sexual activity in the hope of getting promotion, grades/marks, pass examination, or advancing their careers. Researchers have shown that victims of sexual harassment vary in physical appearance, types of dress, age and behaviour. The only thing they have in common is that over 90% of them are female (Osuji, 2002).
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