Full 20 elements atomic number mass number oxidation number?

Full 20 elements atomic number mass number oxidation number?

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01
of 20
Hydrogen
Hydrogen element on the periodic table
davidf / Getty Images

Hydrogen is a nonmetallic, colorless gas under ordinary conditions. It becomes an alkali metal under extreme pressure.

Atomic Number: 1

Symbol: H

Atomic Mass: 1.008

Electron Configuration: 1s1

Group: group 1, s-block, nonmetal


02
of 20
Helium
Colorful helium balloons
Julius Adamek / EyeEm / Getty Images

Helium is a light, colorless gas that forms a colorless liquid.

Atomic Number: 2

Symbol: He

Atomic Mass: 4.002602(2)

Electron Configuration: 1s2

Group: group 18, s-block, noble gas


03
of 20
Lithium
An employee holds processed lithium
Bloomberg Creative Photos / Getty Images

Lithium is a reactive silver metal.

Atomic Number: 3

Symbol: Li

Atomic Mass: 6.94 (6.938–6.997)

Electron Configuration: [He] 2s1

Group: group 1, s-block, alkali metal


04
of 20
Beryllium
Piece of blue beryl mineral
Myriam Borzee / Getty Images

Beryllium is a shiny gray-white metal.

Atomic Number: 4

Symbol: Be

Atomic Mass: 9.0121831(5)

Electron Configuration: [He] 2s2

Group: group 2, s-block, alkaline earth metal

05
of 20
Boron
Boron magnets
Bloomberg Creative Photos / Getty Images

Boron is a gray solid with a metallic luster.

Atomic Number: 5

Symbol: B

Atomic Mass: 10.81 (10.806–10.821)

Electron Configuration: [He] 2s2 2p1

Group: group 13, p-block, metalloid

06
of 20
Carbon
Full frame shot of coal
Natalya Danko / EyeEm / Getty Images

Carbon takes several forms. It's usually a gray or black solid, although diamonds may be colorless.

Atomic Number: 6

Symbol: C

Atomic Mass: 12.011 (12.0096–12.0116)

Electron Configuration: [He] 2s2 2p2

Group: group 14, p-block, usually a nonmetal although sometimes considered a metalloid

07
of 20
Nitrogen
Liquid nitrogen being poured into a canister
Science Photo Library / Getty Images

Nitrogen is a colorless gas under ordinary conditions. It cools to form colorless liquid and solid forms.

Atomic Number: 7

Symbol: N

Atomic Mass: 14.007

Electron Configuration: [He] 2s​2 2p3

Group: group 15 (pnictogens), p-block, nonmetal

08
of 20
Oxygen
Oxygen tanks for diving
jopstock / Getty Images

Oxygen is a colorless gas. Its liquid is blue. Solid oxygen may be any of several colors, including red, black, and metallic.

Atomic Number: 8

Symbol: O

Atomic Mass: 15.999 or 16.00

Electron Configuration: [He] 2s2 2p4

Group: group 16 (chalcogens), p-block, nonmetal

09
of 20
Fluorine
Fluorite
John Cancalosi / Getty Images

Fluorine is a pale yellow gas and liquid and bright yellow solid. The solid may be either opaque or translucent.

Atomic Number: 9

Symbol: F

Atomic Mass: 18.998403163(6)

Electron Configuration: [He] 2s2 2p5

Group: group 17, p-block, halogen

10
of 20
Neon
A neon glowing sign
artland / Getty Images

Neon is a colorless gas that emits a characteristic orange-red glow when excited in an electric field.

Atomic Number: 10

Symbol: Ne

Atomic Mass: 20.1797(6)

Electron Configuration: [He] 2s2 2p6

Group: group 18, p-block, noble gas

11
of 20
Sodium
Salt on a wooden spoon
nortongo / Getty Images

Sodium is a soft, silvery-white metal.

Atomic Number: 11

Symbol: Na

Atomic Mass: 22.98976928(2)

Electron Configuration: [Ne] 3s1

Group: group 1, s-block, alkali metal

12
of 20
Magnesium
Magnesium ribbon
Helmut Feil / Getty Images

Magnesium is a shiny gray metal.

Atomic Number: 12

Symbol: Mg

Atomic Mass: 24.305

Electron Configuration: [Ne] 3s2

Group: group 2, s-block, alkaline earth metal

13
of 20
Aluminum
Rows of aluminum coils at a manufacturing facility
Bloomberg Creative Photos / Getty Images

Aluminum is a soft, silver-colored, nonmagnetic metal.

Atomic Number: 13

Symbol: Al

Atomic Mass: 26.9815385(7)

Electron Configuration: [Ne] 3s2 3p1

Group: group 13, p-block, considered a post-transition metal or sometimes a metalloid

14
of 20
Silicon
A solar (photovoltaic) cell is made from silicon, in blue
ALFRED PASIEKA / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY / Getty Images

Silicon is a hard, blue-gray crystalline solid that has a metallic luster.

Atomic Number: 14

Symbol: Si

Atomic Mass: 28.085

Electron Configuration: [Ne] 3s2 3p2

Group: group 14 (carbon group), p-block, metalloid

15
of 20
Phosphorus
Red phosphorus can be found in safety matches
Tim Oram / Getty Images

Phosphorus is a solid under ordinary conditions, but it takes several forms. The most common are white phosphorus and red phosphorus.

Atomic Number: 15

Symbol: P

Atomic Mass: 30.973761998(5)

Electron Configuration: [Ne] 3s2 3p3

Group: group 15 (pnictogens), p-block, usually considered a nonmetal, but sometimes a metalloid

16
of 20
Sulfur
Sulfur and salt deposits at Dallol hydrothermal hot springs
Edwin Remsberg / Getty Images

Sulfur is a yellow solid.

Atomic Number: 16

Symbol: S

Atomic Mass: 32.06

Electron Configuration: [Ne] 3s2 3p4

Group: group 16 (chalcogens), p-block, nonmetal

17
of 20
Chlorine
Measurement of chlorine and PH of a pool
galitskaya / Getty Images

Chlorine is a pale yellow-green gas under ordinary conditions. Its liquid form is bright yellow.

Atomic Number: 17

Symbol: Cl

Atomic Mass: 35.45

Electron Configuration: [Ne] 3s2 3p5

Group: group 17, p-block, halogen

18
of 20
Argon
A worker argon welding
Pramote Polyamate / Getty Images

Argon is a colorless gas, liquid, and solid. It emits a bright lilac-purple glow when excited in an electric field.

Atomic Number: 18

Symbol: Ar

Atomic Mass: 39.948(1)

Electron Configuration: [Ne] 3s2 3p6

Group: group 18, p-block, noble gas

19
of 20
Potassium
Texture of granules and crystals of potassium
Aleksei Vel. / Getty Images

Potassium is a reactive, silvery metal.

Atomic Number: 19

Symbol: K

Atomic Mass: 39.0983(1)

Electron Configuration: [Ar] 4s1

Group: group 1, s-block, alkali metal

20
of 20
Calcium
Pouring milk into a glass
seksan Mongkhonkhamsao / Getty Images

Calcium is a dull silver metal with a faint yellowish cast.

Atomic Number: 20

Symbol: Ca

Atomic Mass: 40.078(4)

Electron Configuration: [Ar] 4s2

Group: group 2, s-block, alkaline earth metal
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