According to kinatic theory of gases, temprature of gas is?

According to kinatic theory of gases, temprature of gas is?

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Answers (2)

HENRYVILLA
8 months ago
Kinetic Molecular Theory states that gas particles are in constant motion and exhibit perfectly elastic collisions. Kinetic Molecular Theory can be used to explain both Charles' and Boyle's Laws. The average kinetic energy of a collection of gas particles is directly proportional to absolute temperature only.
mhizzlee
8 months ago
Charles’ Law states that at constant pressure, the volume of a gas increases or decreases by the same factor as its temperature. This can be written as:

[latex]\frac{V_1}{T_1}=\frac{V_2}{T_2}[/latex]

According to Kinetic Molecular Theory, an increase in temperature will increase the average kinetic energy of the molecules. As the particles move faster, they will likely hit the edge of the container more often. If the reaction is kept at constant pressure, they must stay farther apart, and an increase in volume will compensate for the increase in particle collision with the surface of the container.

Boyle’s Law states that at constant temperature, the absolute pressure and volume of a given mass of confined gas are inversely proportional. This relationship is shown by the following equation:

[latex]P_1V_1=P_2V_2[/latex]

At a given temperature, the pressure of a container is determined by the number of times gas molecules strike the container walls. If the gas is compressed to a smaller volume, then the same number of molecules will strike against a smaller surface area; the number of collisions against the container will increase, and, by extension, the pressure will increase as well. Increasing the kinetic energy of the particles will increase the pressure of the gas.
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