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examine the fundamental principle in state policy of Nigeria as regard as the following 1....

examine the fundamental principle in state policy of Nigeria as regard as the following
1. political objective
2. economic objective
3. educational objective
4. social objective?

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Answers (1)

Corruption is a term that is eclectic. It is a global
phenomenon that has paired itself with both past
and present civilizations. Financial corruption is
a variant of this obnoxious ill of modern state,
Nigeria not being an exception. The provisions of
the Fundamental Objectives and Directive
Principles of State policy in the Constitution of
the Federal Republic of Nigeria of 1999 are a
welcome development. These provisions include
objectives on political, economic, social,
educational, foreign policy, environmental,
cultural, media, national ethics matters and
duties of citizens.
One of the significant
innovations of the Constitution of the
Federal Republic of Nigeria 1970 was the
inclusion of the chapter on Fundamental
Objectives and Directive Principles of State
Policy, an idea probably borrowed from
India. Because of the novelty of the
chapter. it was thought expedient to define
what is meant by the terms "fundamental
objectives" and "directive principles".
Fundamental objectives are the "directive
principles" laid down by the policies which
are expected to be pursued in the efforts of
the nation to realise the national Ideals. The
rationale for the provisions is that
"governments in developing countries have
tended to be preoccupied with power and its
material perquisite”. "With scant regard for
political ideals as to how society can be
organised and ruled to be the best
advantage of all". This rationale is of special
relevance to the Nigerian polity whose
cardinal features are "heterogeneity of the
society, the increasing gap between the rich
and the poor, the growing cleavage between
the social groupings all of the which
combine to confuse the nation and bedevil
the concerted march to orderly progress.
Presumably the same reasons have justified
the retention in the 1999 Constitutions. It
must be pointed out that Nigeria's multi·
ethnicity and heterogeneity dictated the
federal potion in the first place.

POLITICAL OBJECTIVES
(a) sovereignty belongs to
the people of Nigeria from
whom government through
this Constitution derives all
its powers and authority;
(b) the security and welfare
of the people shall be the
primary purpose of
government: and
(c) the participation by the
people in their government
shall be ensured in
accordance with the
provisions of this
Constitution.

ECONOMIC OBJECTIVES
The State shall, within the context of the
and objectives for which provisions are
in this Constitution.
(a) harness the resources
of the nation and promote
national prosperity and an
efficient, a dynamic and
self-reliant economy;
(b) control the national
economy in such manner as
to secure the maximum
welfare, freedom and
happiness of every citizen
on the basis of social
justice and equality of
status and opportunity;
(c) without prejudice to its
right to operate or
participate in areas of the
economy, other than the
major sectors of the
economy, manage and
operate the major sectors
of the economy;
(d) without prejudice to the
right of any person to
participate in areas of the
economy within the major
sector of the economy,
protect the right of every
citizen to engage in any
economic activities outside
the major sectors of the
economy.
The State shall direct its policy
ards ensuring:
(a) the promotion of a
planned and balanced
economic development;
(b) that the material
resources of the nation are
harnessed and distributed
as best as possible to serve
the common good;
(c) that the economic
system is not operated in
such a manner as to permit
the concentration of wealth
or the means of production
and exchange in the hands
of few individuals or of a
group; and
(d) that suitable and
adequate shelter, suitable
and adequate food,
reasonable national
minimum living wage, old
age care and pensions, and
unemployment, sick benefits
and welfare of the disabled
are provided for all citizens

SOCIAL OBJECTIVES
The State shall direct its policy
ards ensuring that-
(a) all citizens, without
discrimination on any group
whatsoever, have the
opportunity for securing
adequate means of
livelihood as well as
adequate opportunity to
secure suitable
employment;
(b) conditions of work are
just and humane, and that
there are adequate facilities
for leisure and for social,
religious and cultural life;
(c) the health, safety and
welfare of all persons in
employment are
safeguarded and not
endangered or abused;
(d) there are adequate
medical and health facilities
for all persons:
(e) there is equal pay for
equal work without
discrimination on account of
s*x, or on any other ground
whatsoever;
(f) children, young persons
and the age are protected
against any exploitation
whatsoever, and against
moral and material neglect;
(g) provision is made for
public assistance in
deserving cases or other
conditions of need; and
(h) the evolution and
promotion of family life is
encouraged.

EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES
Government shall strive to eradicate
illteracy; and to this end Government
all as and when practicable provide
(a) free, compulsory and
universal primary education;
(b) free secondary
education;
(c) free university
education; and
(d) free adult literacy
programme.

SOURCE; NIGERIAN CONSTITUTION
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