the rate of job opportunities for faculty of arts and humanities courses?

the rate of job opportunities for faculty of arts and humanities courses?

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Many social science careers are financially fulfilling as well as
personally fulfilling, and some even earn six-figure salaries.
Browse our list of the top 10 highest paying social science careers
to find the perfect path for you.
1. Political Scientist
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If you have an interest in politics, then a career as a political
scientist might be the right choice for you. Not only is this
profession the highest paid in the social sciences, but it revolves
around the study of something that is constantly relevant in
modern societies across the globe: politics. Political scientists
investigate every aspect of politics, from how political systems
originated and progressed to how they currently operate and from
political trends and new political policies and ideas. As scientists,
they study existing research, develop theories and collect and
analyze data that ranges from qualitative, like historical texts, to
quantitative, like the statistics behind election results and surveys.
Based on their findings, they predict patterns and trends relating
to politics, the economy and social changes. In addition to
forecasting trends, political scientists also evaluate new and
current ideologies, policies, laws and current events.
So, where do political scientists find jobs? You might be surprised
at the number of possible workplaces for these professionals.
Naturally, many – about 50 percent of – political scientists work
within the government, and many more work for political lobbying
groups. They also find employment with labor organizations, think
tanks, academic institutions and nonprofit organizations. Political
scientists may specialize in studying American politics, international
relations, comparative politics or political theory. While the
number of political scientists currently employed in the United
States is small, about 6,600, the industry is likely to see rapid
job growth with as much as 21 percent growth over a decade.
Median Salary: $102,000
Education: Master’s Degree in Political Science or Public
Administration
2. Economist
You hear a lot about the economy in the news, but how would
you like to earn a living researching not only the numbers but the
factors behind them? Economists study the factors that determine
how goods, services and resources are produced and distributed.
They investigate issues within the economy by creating and
conducting surveys and compiling and analyzing the results with
the help of spreadsheets, databases and statistical analysis
software. Economists draw from current data and historical trends
to predict changes and patterns in the economy and help
companies, individuals and the government weather economic
changes. They present their findings and forecasts in many forms,
from charts and tables to policies and journal articles.
The economy isn’t just about money, but about resources of all
kinds. Economists investigate the costs of education, energy,
healthcare and consumer products. They may work in the fields of
public finances, labor economics, industrial organization economics,
financial economics, international economics, macroeconomics and
microeconomics. The federal government alone employs close to
half of all economists. In government roles, these professionals
predict funding and spending needs, study the economic
ramifications of policies and laws and gather and evaluate
information about the national economy, ranging from employment
rates to trends in the prices of goods and services. Other
economists find employment with private corporations, where they
evaluate the demand for and sales of a product or service and
advise business leaders on how the economy will influence their
success and how they can improve their profits. Still other
economists work in think tanks, where they research economic
issues and share their findings and predictions in newspapers and
journals.
Median Salary: $91,860
Education: Master’s Degree in Economics
3. Industrial-Organizational Psychologist
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It may not seem like the profit-chasing business world would have
much use for the social sciences, but in fact, there’s a whole
specialty of psychology dedicated to studying human behavior in
the workplace: industrial-organizational psychology. Industrial-
organizational psychologists take the same psychological principles
and research methods used elsewhere in the field and put them
to use in the work environment.
Industrial-organizational psychology has a place in a wide range of
departments, from administration to marketing and human
resources to sales. These professionals often work with
management on tasks such as hiring and training employees,
creating company policies, and strategically planning the growth
and development of the business. They seek to solve workplace
problems, such as improving productivity and increasing morale.
Industrial-organizational psychologists may investigate a variety of
topics involving workplace behavior, such as team effectiveness,
employee motivation, occupational stress and safety risks and job
performance. They use their knowledge to guide companies in
selecting, training and retaining the right employees and making
the work environment a productive one.
Median Salary: $83,580
Education: Master’s Degree in Industrial-Organizational
Psychology
4. Sociologist
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If you’re interested in the way people interact, a career in
sociology could be right for you. Sociologists investigate social
interactions in humans. They observe social interactions in cultures,
organizations, social instituations, groups and relationships and
develop theories to explain these interactions and social
processes. Sociologists tests their theories through research, in
which they use surveys, interviews with subjects and their own
observations to gather data which they can then analyze. Like
researchers in other fields, sociologists present their findings
through reports, journal articles and presentations. Often, the work
of sociologists becomes the basis for public policy reforms.
Sociologists may work with educators, lawmakers, policymakers,
administrators and social workers to determine the influence of
political, social, religious and economic forces on behavior and
devise solutions to social problems.
Most sociologists find employment in academic instituations and
research and development in the social sciences, while others
work in government positions or with management and scientific
consulting firms. Often, sociologists focus their work on a
specialized field, such as population, poverty, gender, families,
health, education, crime and aging.
Median Salary: $74,960
Education: Master’s Degree in Sociology
5. Geographer
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Do you have an interest in both the physical and the social
sciences? A career in geography will expose you to both.
Geographers research the earth, including not only the physical
features of the land, but also the cultures that inhabit it and the
political structures in place within a culture. To collect data,
geographers study maps, satellite imagery, photographs and
census responses, but they also do field work of their own, in
which they visit the region they’re studying to make their own
observations. Geographers use both quantitative methods of
research, which focus on numbers and statistics, and qualitative
methods that include interviews and surveys of the humans
inhabiting the region. During the course of their research,
geographers use technologies such as remote sensing, geographic
information systems (GIS) and global positioning systems (GPS) to
collect and assess geographic data, notice patterns and visually
present their findings. In addition to publicizing their findings in
presentations and written reports, geographers often portray their
data in visual modes such as maps, diagrams and graphs.
There are numerous specialists within the field of geography,
including physical geographers, human geographers, cultural
geographers, political geographers, economic geographers, medical
geographers, urban geographers, regional geographers and
environmental geographers. Each type of specialist must have a
thorough background in both geography and their chosen
specialty, whether that specialty is the environment, economics or
politics. Geographers may provide guidance to professionals
outside the social sciences, including helping governments develop
policies and laws and helping businesses devise effective
marketing strategies.
Median Salary: $74,760
Education: Bachelor’s or Master’s Degree in Geography
6. Psychologist
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Do you often wonder why people think, feel and behave in certain
ways? If so, a career in psychology could be in your future.
Psychologists investigate human behavior. They perform scientific
research studies in laboratories to learn about brain function and
behavior. They gather and evaluate information gained from their
own observations, as well as a variety of tests, surveys and
interviews with human subjects to detect patterns in behaviors,
emotions and cognitive processes. A major goal among
psychologists is to develop a more thorough understanding of
behavior patterns, including how thoughts, beliefs and emotions
contribute to behavior. Psychologists find work in schools,
healthcare facilities, social assistance programs, research centers,
government agencies and their own private practices.
There is a wide variety of types of psychologists, and each type
performs different job roles. Clinical psychologists are healthcare
workers who diagnose mental health disorders and treat them
through psychotherapy, behavioral modification and, in certain
states, medication. Counseling psychologists also work directly
with patients, but instead of treating mental illnesses, they guide
patients in understanding and solving problems in their lives, such
as substance abuse and relationship problems. School
psychologists work in academic services, helping students at grade
levels from preschool to college cope with learning and behavioral
problems and reach educational goals. Other types of
psychologists focus more on research than on working with
patients or clients directly. Developmental psychologists
investigate the psychological process of growing and aging,
particularly among children but sometimes among senior citizens.
Social psychologists research the effect of social interactions on
human behavior. Forensic psychologists work in the legal system,
where they testify in court regarding psychological factors in a
criminal, civil or family case.
Median Salary: $69,280
Education: Ph.D. in Psychology or Doctor of Psychology (Psy.D.)
7. Urban and Regional Planner
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Land is a valuable but finite resource, one that can be used in
many ways. Urban and regional planners are the professionals
who devise plans to best use the land available to establish new
communities, enlarge existing communities to adjust to population
increases and enhance outdated facilities. First, urban and regional
planners determine a community’s needs by collecting and
assessing information, including market research data,
environmental studies, census responses and their own
observations in the field. To analyze their data, they use systems
(GIS) that visually display data on electronic maps, as well as
statistical software programs. They collaborate with land
developers and public officials to study and evaluate plans and
proposals and make sure those plans meet all relevant
environmental regulations and zoning and building codes. Some
urban and regional planners also supervise and coordinate
community land use projects.
Nearly two-thirds of all urban and regional planners work for local
government agencies. The rest find employment in industries such
as architecture and engineering, state government agencies and
consulting services. Regardless of their employers and industries,
urban and regional planners generally focus on identifying and
meeting the needs of a community by creating and updating
facilities ranging from schools to homeless shelters and parks to
residential and commercial property developments. Urban and
regional planners may specialize in environmental and natural
resources planning, land use and code enforcement, economic
development, transportation and urban design planning.
Median Salary: $65,230
Education: Master’s Degree in Urban or Regional Planning
8. Anthropologist and Archeologist
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Some social scientists take a hands-on approach to the history of
human development. Anthropologists and archeologists use
knowledge of the physical and biological sciences as well as
social science to research human origin and behavior in cultures
throughout the world and throughout time. They devise hypotheses
about how cultures interact with their environments and about
those cultures’ values and social patterns. To test these
hypotheses, anthropologists gather data through interviews and
documents, collecting samples in laboratories and fieldwork, like
excavating sites of civilizations. They use geographic information
systems (GIS) technology, statistical software and geophysical
tools to analyze and interpret this data to better understand
human cultures.
Archeologists focus on past cultures and study skeletons, ancient
tools and the remnants of old buildings. They often work for
historical sites, national parks, museums or services called cultural
resource management (CRM) firms. Anthropologists more
commonly focus on current cultures. Some work with
organizations, researching how cultures will perceive policies and
products or doing market research for a business, while others
focus on the social and cultural aspects of serious current
problems like poverty and violence. Anthropologists may
specialize in studying cultural anthropology, linguistic anthropology
(which emphasizes communication and language) and biological
anthropology (which focuses on human evolution). Archeologists
may also specialize, but they tend to focus on certain locations,
time periods and types of remains or archeological sites.
Median Salary: $57,420
Education: Master’s Degree in Anthropology or Archeology
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