### please how is my second semester for second session's CGPA being calculated?

please how is my second semester for second session's CGPA being calculated?

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Every Course/subject/module carries a fixed number of Credit Units (CU). Quality points (QP) are derived from multiplying the Credit Units (CU) for a course by the Grade Point (GP) earned by the student in that course.

Eg. If in a 3 Credit Unit course, a student scores 63% which is a B with a Grade Point of 4, the Quality points for the student in that course is 3 x 4 = 12.

Grade Point Average (GPA) is derived by dividing the Total Quality point (TQP) for the semester by the Total Credit Unit (TCU) for that semester.

Eg. If in a semester, a student earned 56 quality points for 18 Credit Units, the students GPA is 56/18 = 3.11

Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) is derived by adding the Total Quality Points (TQP) for all semesters to date and dividing by the Total Credit Units (TCU) for all semesters to date.

Eg. If a student earns a QP of 56 for 18 CU in the first semester and earns QP of 67 for 20 CU in the second semester, His CGPA is TQP/TCU = (56 + 67) / (18 + 20) = 123/38 =3.24
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SCORE(%)
REMARKS

70-100 A 5 Excellent
60-69 B 4 Very Good
50-59 C 3 Good
45-49 D 2 Fair
40-44 E 1 Pass
0-39 F Fail

At the end of each semester, a student’s grade point average is worked out using the above grading system

HOW TO CALCULATE GRADE POINTS AVERAGE (GPA) IN NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES

Bearing in ming that all courses have their fixed number of
credit units (CU) . By multiplying a particular course’s credit unit by the grade point of your score, you get the
Quality Point (QU) for the course.

For instance : Assuming MTH101 is a 5units course and you have a B grade in the course which amounts to a grade point of 4 ( Refer to the table above to check the grade points for each grade). Your quality point in that course is 5 x 4 = 20 i.e Quality point = Grade Point x Credit Unit .

Total Quality Point ( QP ) : Is obtained by adding all the quality points of the courses you offered for that semester.

Total Credit Unit ( CU ) : Is obtained by adding all the credit units of the courses you offered for that semester.

Grade Point Average ( GPA ) : Is obtained by dividing the total quality point by the total credit unit for that semester.

e.g In a semester, you got a total of 82 quality points and 18 credit units, your GPA for that semester is 82/18 which is 4.55.

Cumulative Grade Point Average ( CGPA ) : Is obtained by adding the total quality points for all semesters till date and dividing it by the total credit units for all semesters till date.

e.g Part One 1st semester – 82 QP and 18 CU
Part One 2nd semester – 77 QP and 19 CU
Part Two 1st semester – 80 QP and 17 CU
Part Two 2nd semester – 72 QP and 16 CU
Your Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) at the end of part two will be the addition of all total quality units ( 82 + 77 + 80 + 72 ) divided by the addition of all total credit units ( 18 + 19 + 17 +16 ) => 311/70 = 4.44 .

Therefore your Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) at the end of part two is 4.44!!! You should receive a standing ovation for that though, just a couple more efforts and first class is up for grabs for you.

Let’s take a comprehensive instance as we imagine the following results for first and second semester for a student in one of the universities in Nigeria :

First Semester
Course Code
Credit Unit
Quality Points (CU X GP)
Mth 101 5 A 5 25
Phy 101 4 B 4 16
Chm 101 4 A 5 20
Tpd 101 1 A 5 5
Csc 101 2 B 4 8
Chm 103 1 A 5 5
Phy 107 1 A 5 5
Total 18 84

For the first semester :
QP = 84 ; CU = 18
TQP = 84 ; TCU = 18
GPA = QP/CU = GPA = 84/18 = 4.67
CGPA = TQP/TCU = 84/18 = 4.67

Second Semester :
Course Code
Credit Unit
Quality Points (CU X GP)
Mth 102 5 C 15 15
Phy 102 4 A 5 20
Chm 102 4 B 4 16
Csc 102 2 A 5 10
Mth 104 2 D 2 4
Chm 105 1 A 5 5
Phy 108 1 A 5 5
Total 19 75

For the second semester:
QP = 75 ; CU = 19
TQP = 84 + 75 = 159 ; TCU = 18 +19 = 37
TQP =75 ; TCU = 19
CGPA = TQP/TCU = 159/37 = 4.30

Therefore, the Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) for the two semesters is 4.30. The process is repeated for every semester result.
NOTE : Some courses with or without credit units are not to be involved in GPA and Cgpa calculations. Such courses are referred to as special electives and they have no impact on your grade points, you only need to avoid a ‘fail’ in such courses.
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