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who makes more money having government job Agricultural economist and extension or who study Animal...

who makes more money having government job Agricultural economist and extension or who study Animal production and health?

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4 months ago
Both courses are still under agriculture.
so both of them has good pay, it all depends in the state.
Note: as a graduate of any agricultural course, you would need anyone to employ you.
You can lease a land and start up a farm or start rearing animals.

Agriculture used to be the mainstay of Nigeria’s economy before the oil boom. Nigeria was a powerhouse in the production of cocoa, palm kernel (used for Palm oil) and other cash crops and even non-cash crops.

For some time, the sector has been neglected but the government under the outgoing administration has made some remarkable efforts to revive this money spinning sector of the economy and bring it back to its glory days. Jobs have been and are still being created and young people are being encouraged to take up agriculture as an option to seeking white/blue collar jobs.

Under agriculture, here are the top 9 courses with high pay.
1. Vet Doctor (Veterinarian)

Animals just like humans are prone to sickness, whether they be domestic or farm animals. And they definitely need care and treatment from time to time. Are you trained in this area? If you are a lover of animals, you might give this a thought. Some research results have shown that the health of animals is inextricably connected to human and environmental health. As long as there are farm animals, there will be a demand for veterinarians. The importance of veterinarians in agriculture goes far beyond the need to keep valuable livestock healthy. Vet doctors in most case always have private practice, so are in full control of what they earn as charges for services rendered. Veterinarians can earn as much as between N150,000 to N250,000 per month.

2. Horticulturists

This is an aspect of farming that focuses skills and experience on growing and selling highly marketable fruits and vegetables, flowers, and decorative plants. Landscape designers, nursery managers, florists, and forestry experts manage natural resources on both public and private lands, as well as for the timber industry and large private corporations, and for farms that grow and sell flowers and plants. The fact that there aren’t many people involved yet means there is huge opportunity to be tapped into and money to be made. Even the government is campaigning for green environment. Horticulturists are in most cases too in private practice, and could earn as much as N250,000 per month or even more.

3. Farm Extension Workers

As new ways of farming are being discovered old farmers that do not have access to such information need those who do to assist them with this information. Graduates who have agricultural background and have knowledge of new techniques and technologies will have a lot of clients to serve or should they decide to be fully employed on be on the payroll of a farm business, it all stacks up together. You will still earn some considerable income. This is also tied to the fact that extension workers are graduates. If they are in full employment, they could earn with the range of N50, 000 to N80,000 per month or more.

4. Farm Workers and Labourers

Farmlands are usually vast and large expanses and always require several tens or even hundreds of workers to work on them. There is job for farm workers and labourers in greenhouses, nurseries, farms and ranches. Farm workers and labourers are essential to the agriculture industry, and despite the seasonal nature of some jobs, they are always in demand. The sheer number and diversity of jobs in this category may surprise you. In addition to planting and harvesting crops, farm workers and labourers perform related tasks such as installing irrigation systems, packing and loading harvested food onto trucks for shipment, and maintaining farm equipment. They also do routine animal care tasks on ranches and dairy farms, keep written records on animals, assist at births, and keep animal housing areas clean. Because their work does not involve a lot of thinking the money they earn seem small compared to others, but for the level of skill required to do their work, they could earn in the range of N35,000 – N50,000.

5. Agricultural Equipment Operators

Agricultural equipment requires high-skilled individuals to operate them. The workers drive, operate and maintain the equipment used to plant and harvest crops, such as tractors, balers, conveyors, manure spreaders, mowers, shredders, harvesters, and power washers. The job outlook for agricultural equipment operators has been continuously doing well for the past 10 years, and this is not likely to reduce as time goes on. This category of farm workers earn in the region of N60,000 to N70,000. You will make much more if you own an equipment and do hiring services.

6. Produce transportation

The job of conveying agricultural produce is not just a business of truck drivers, it is a job that requires a lot of technical expertise for loading and unloading in order to preserve the market quality of the produce. Several billions of Naira is being lost annually to produce spoilage as a result of irregular handling during transportation. People who are involved in produce transportation makes chunks of money doing it. They could work for farm owners or own the vehicles themselves. There is really no figure here because what they earn during harvest is far more than what they earn during the non-harvesting season. A trip could fetch about N50,000 or more depending on the distance or market value of produce.

7. Food Processing/Packaging

One of the ways to preserve raw farm produce is when they are processed and then packaged so that they can last long. This provides a wonderful job opportunity to anyone who is willing to earn big by starting a food processing business or packaging. Contemporary packing operations are usually done with sophisticated package processing equipment that takes skill and experience to operate. As you might expect, the employment outlook for food packers in agriculture is best in parts of the country where agriculture is a larger part of the economy, like in some parts of the North and East. But secondary food processing companies pays their professional staff really well. If you are employed in a food processing and packaging company, you are likely to earn between N35,000 to N50,000 depending on job responsibility. But if you own the outfit, then a food processing/packaging company can generate as much as N500,000 to above N5,000,000 depending on the size of the company.

8. Agribusiness Management

Although this is not common around here, but it is a viable job or business option that is guaranteed to fetch good income. Agribusiness is the management field of the agriculture industry. Some who work in agribusiness own or manage farms and ranches themselves; others work for separate businesses that exist to support farms and ranches. If you can develop yourself in business management generally and have basic knowledge of agriculture, then you are good to go. And there is no limit to how much you can earn, because you can service as many farms and ranches as possible, depending on the kind of structure you can come up with.

9. Agricultural and Natural Resources Communications
4 months ago
Agricultural Economist: Job Description, Duties and Salary
Learn about the education and preparation needed to become an agricultural economist. Get a quick view of the degree requirements, job description and duties as well as salary statistics to find out if this is the career for you.

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An agricultural economist specializes in understanding the economic activity within agricultural markets. They research statistics and data pertaining to the agricultural industry and project possible patterns and trends within the economy. Most hold a graduate degree in economics.

Essential Information
Agricultural economists examine data and statistics to identify trends and make predictions for the agricultural market. These professionals can work in a variety of agricultural sectors and often perform their own research. Education in this field is variable, but can include a formal education, typically a master's degree.

Required Education Variable; most often a master's or Ph.D. degree in economics, but sometimes a bachelor's degree is acceptable
Projected Job Growth (2014-2024)* 6% (for economists)
Median Annual Salary (May 2015)* $99,180 (for economists)
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Job Description for an Agricultural Economist
Agricultural economists employ principles and concepts of economics to learn more about the supply and demand of goods and services in the agricultural sector. This includes analysis of production, consumption, and distribution. These professionals often choose an area of expertise, such as crop and livestock sciences, environmental economics, policy analysis, agribusiness, food safety, international trade, rural development, or marketing systems.

Agricultural economists typically work with agricultural data and statistics in office settings, but they may travel as part of a research group to collect information. Additionally, they may teach and conduct research at colleges and universities with undergraduate or graduate programs in agricultural economics.

Duties of an Agricultural Economist
Agricultural economists examine data to determine patterns and trends in economic activity. They also conduct research to collect data and market samples. They use the predictions obtained from their research to inform, influence, and improve the business decisions of clients and agricultural organizations. As agricultural economists better determine market indicators like farm income and food prices, they study many areas, such as:

Natural resource management
Agricultural policy
Food science
Farm credit
Agricultural marketing systems
Commodity exchanges
Whether they want to offer a short-term forecast or long-term prediction for some part of the agricultural market, these professionals must have an excellent understanding of agricultural production and relevant economic forces. This involves devising data collection methods and using appropriate statistical methods to obtain useful information. Agricultural economists may also communicate their findings at seminars and conferences to encourage further research or investment in a particular area.

Agricultural Economist Salary
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual wage for all economists was $99,180 as of May 2015 ( The highest paid economists worked in pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing industries; however, the federal government was the largest employer of economists as of 2015.

Although some positions require only a bachelor's degree in economics, most agricultural economist positions require a master's or Ph.D. in the field. The courses aspiring agricultural economists could study include food science, agricultural policies and marketing systems, and farm credits. These professionals need to have a solid understanding of agriculture, statistics, and market forces in order to make their projections.
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