what is pressure group and their types of pressing group?

what is pressure group
and their types of pressing group?

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5 months ago
“a group that tries to influence public
policy in the interest of a particular
cause.” An interest group that endeavors to
influence public policy and especially
governmental legislation, regarding its
particular concerns and priorities or a
group of people who seek
to exert pressure on legislators, public
opinion, etc,in order to promote their own
ideas or welfare “A pressure group can be
defined as a group of people, who come
together with the sole aim of influencing
government policies and laws in their
Simple Definition of pressure group. :
a group of people who share an interest,
concern, or set of opinions and who try to
influence politics or the policies of
government, business, etc.
Today there is no country in the world
which is free from pressure groups.These
groups try to influence and pressurise
every political institution to serve their own
interests and to ensure that at least in no
case their interests suffer, if at all these are
not promoted.
Prof. S. Finer has characterised these
groups as ‘anonymous empire’ whereas
Richard D. Lambert is of the view that these
are unofficial government, which implies
that no government can run without taking
their view point into consideration.
These groups influence both public policy
as well as administration and go a long
way in determining political structure of
the society and the form of government. In
India Prof. Rajni Kothari has made a
significant study of working and
organisation of these groups.
Pressure groups are concerned primarily
with certain issues and thus may not field
their candidates at the time of elections.
But those who have some common interest
come together and try to change the
course of public affairs.
If taken in this sense any social group
which seeks to influence the behaviour of
any political officer, both administrative as
well as legislative, without attempting to
gain formal control of the government can
be called a pressure group.
It exerts persuasive powers to get certain
political decisions in its favour. These
groups have no public but only private
interests and also these are organised
groups of people who have some common
interests for solving their own problems.
Pressure group, body, organized or
unorganized, that actively seeks to promote
its particular interests within a society by
exerting pressure on public officials and
agencies. Pressure groups direct their
efforts toward influencing legislative and
executive branches of government, political
parties, and sometimes general public
Interest group, also called special interest
group or pressure group, any association
of individuals or organizations, usually
formally organized, that, on the basis of
one or more shared concerns, attempts to
influence public policy in its favour. All
interest groups share a desire to affect
government policy to benefit themselves or
their causes. Their goal could be a policy
that exclusively benefits group members or
one segment of society (e.g., government
subsidies for farmers) or a policy that
advances a broader public purpose (e.g.,
improving air quality).
Pressure Groups are organized groups
which influence politics through direct or
indirect means They have specific interests
in mind e.g. Trade Unions , FBI. A pressure
group is an interest group which exerts
pressure on the government or the
decision-makers for the fulfillment of their
Pressures groups are characterized by
1.Strictly structure
2. Pressure focus.
3. Protective ,Promotive
4. Harsher in attitude.
5. Must influence the government.
Besides, They influence the policy making
for their own specific interests. Pressure
Groups are related to some specific areas
like professional activities. They indirectly
participate in political activities. They do not
participate in the struggle to capture
political power. Hence they do not take part
in elections. But they influence the political
power to a great extent and that is why
they are termed as ‘Anonymous Empire’
They adopt various mechanism which
include appeals, petitions,
demonstrations, picketing, lobbying, and
processions. They also write in the media,
distribute pamphlets, issue press releases,
organize discussions and debates, put up
posters chant slogans.
Non-profit and usually voluntary
organization whose members have a
common cause for which they seek to
influence public policy, without seeking
political control. Their primary activities are
lobbying the members of legislative bodies
through contribution to political parties,
working to elect sympathetic or pliable
politicians, and conducting covert or open
propaganda campaigns.
The major types of interest groups are :
(1) Economic association or Associative
: such as chambers of commerce, trade
unions, religious bodies,
(2) Professional association or Institutional
: such as that of architects, doctors,
(3) Public interest group (PIG) or
Spontaneous : such as 'Friends Of
environment' who aim to benefit people
beyond their membership, and
(4) Special interest group (SIG) or Non-
associative : a sub-groups formed within
the framework of a larger or main group to
focus on a very narrow area of interest.
1.Links government to the people:
One of the functions of pressure groups is
that it serves as a link between the
government of the day and the people it
governs. There are times when the
government of the day wants to introduce
a policy but does not know whether the
people will accept the policies or not.
Pressure groups take the issue to the
people through their activities and is able
to communicate back to government what
the views of the people are.
2.Promotes participate in government :
Another function of pressure groups is to
engender public participation in the
activities of government of the day. Some
pressure groups engage in demonstrations
and other measures to put their views
across to the government. The activities of
pressure groups therefore, promote
political participation and carries the
citizenry along.
3.Source of information to government :
Another function of pressure groups is as a
source of information to the government.
As the pressure groups lobby government
on various fronts, the interaction offers the
government valuable information on
aspects of issues they may not even be
aware of.
4.Checks dictatorship :
Also, the activities of pressure groups
ensures that governments do not
perpetuate themselves in power thereby
drifting into a dictatorship.
5.Promote the interest of the minority :
Again, pressure groups champion the
rights of the under-privileged, especially
promotional pressure groups. As they go
about their activities, they ensure that the
interests of minority groups are not
trampled upon by the government. Thus,
pressure groups act as watchdogs on the
6.Influencing legislation :
Another function of pressure groups is to
put pressure on government so that it can
implement policies that inure to the benefit
of its members. If not putting pressure on
government to influence its policy, it is
putting pressure on government to change
a policy direction or to withdraw entirely a
particular policy that does not favour their
mhiz sarah
5 months ago
pressure group is defined as an organized group of people mainly to cooperate with the government or organized for the benefit of the country
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