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what is settlement?

what is settlement?

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2 months ago
A settlement is a place where people live. A settlement could be anything from an isolated farmhouse to a mega city (settlement with over 10 million people).
Settlements can either be temporary or permanent. Temporary settlements include things such as refugee camps. Some temporary settlements have become permanent over time such as the Rochine, the largest favela in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The reason why a settlement developed in the first place is said to be its function. For example the function of Liverpool was as a port.
What do we mean by site and situation of a settlement?
The site and situation of a settlement are very different things. The site of a settlement is the land upon which it was built. There are a range of factors that can determine the site of a settlement. These are:
wet point site - these are sites close to a supply of water
dry point site - these are sites that avoided the risk of flooding
defensive site - these were sites that were on high ground and allowed the inhabitants to see enemies from a distance
aspect - many settlements in the northern hemisphere are located on south facing sides of valleys where it is sunny
shelter - away from rain and prevailing winds
trading point - often settlements developed where natural training points meet such as along rivers or natural route ways
resources - many settlements developed close to where natural resources could be found.
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